ARC's 1st Law: As a "progressive" online discussion grows longer, the probability of a nefarious reference to Karl Rove approaches one

Monday, March 03, 2008

Regulation Results in Economic Realities

It often seems that the Democrats discuss new policies and regulations (or condemn the ineffectiveness of existing regulation) without considering the actual economic impact such policies have. They often divorce effects from causes (or at least attempt to minimize the potential link between political policies and economic effects).

This excellent Op-Ed in the Wall Street Journal highlights how different political decisions have affected Texas and Ohio:


Texas v. Ohio
March 3, 2008; Page A16

As Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton race around Ohio and Texas for tomorrow's primaries, they are telling a tale of economic woe. Yet the real story isn't how similar the two states are economically but how different. Texas has been prospering while Ohio lags, and the reasons are instructive about what works and what doesn't in economic policy.

There's no doubt times are tough in Ohio. The state has lost 200,000 manufacturing jobs since 2000, home foreclosures are soaring, and real family income is lower now than in 2000. Meanwhile, the Texas economy has boomed since 2004, with nearly twice the rate of new job creation as the rest of the nation. The nearby table compares the states over a decade or so.

Let's start with the fact that Texas's growth puts the lie to the myth that free trade costs American jobs. Anti-Nafta rhetoric doesn't play well in El Paso, San Antonio and Houston, which have become gateway cities for commerce with Latin America and have flourished since the North American Free Trade Agreement passed Congress in 1993. Mr. Obama's claim of one million lost jobs due to trade deals is laughable in Texas, the state most affected by Nafta. Texas has gained 36,000 manufacturing jobs since 2004 and has ranked as the nation's top exporting state for six years in a row. Its $168 billion of exports in 2007 translate into tens of thousands of jobs.

Ohio, Indiana and Michigan are losing auto jobs, but many of these "runaway plants" are not fleeing to China, Mexico or India. They've moved to more business-friendly U.S. states, including Texas. GM recently announced plans for a new plant to build hybrid cars. Guess where? Near Dallas. In 2006 the Lone Star State exported $5.5 billion of cars and trucks to Mexico and $2.4 billion worth to Canada.

Ohio Governor Ted Strickland, a Democrat who supports Mrs. Clinton, blames his state's problems on President Bush. But Ohio's economy has been struggling for years, and most of its wounds are self-inflicted. Ohio now ranks 47th out of 50 in economic competitiveness, according to the American Legislative Exchange Council. Ohio politicians deplore plant closings even as they impose the third highest corporate income tax in the country (10.5%) and the sixth highest personal income tax (8.87%). A common joke is that Ohio lays out the red carpet for companies -- when they leave the state. By contrast, Texas has no income tax, a huge competitive advantage.

Ohio's most crippling handicap may be that its politicians -- and thus its employers -- are still in the grip of such industrial unions as the United Auto Workers. Ohio is a "closed shop" state, which means workers can be forced to join a union whether they wish to or not. Many companies -- especially foreign-owned -- say they will not even consider such locations for new sites. States with "right to work" laws that make union organizing more difficult had twice the job growth of Ohio and other forced union states from 1995-2005, according to the National Institute for Labor Relations.

On the other hand, Texas is a right to work state and has been adding jobs by the tens of thousands. Nearly 1,000 new plants have been built in Texas since 2005, from the likes of Microsoft, Samsung and Fujitsu. Foreign-owned companies supplied the state with 345,000 jobs. No wonder Texans don't fear global competition the way some Presidential candidates do.

So tomorrow the eyes of America will be on these two states moving in different directions. Ohio has an economy burdened by high taxes and work rules that impose heavy costs on employers. Texas embraces free trade, keeps taxes low, doesn't impose unions on business and has tooled itself for 21st century global competition. Ohioans may not like to hear this, but for any company considering where to locate a new plant or move an existing one, the choice between Ohio and Texas isn't even a close call.

The challenge for our national economy in a world of competition is to become more like Texas and less like Ohio.
1,000 new plants in the past three years is a statistic which I think Ohio politicians wish would be related to their state's economic investment - or even half that number. However, if those politicians do not recognize that the ridiculous, anti-competitive, anti-business regulations of the early- and mid-20th century are the cause for their perilous economic situation, it's unlikely that any new investments will be made in their state.

The anti-trade rhetoric of Obama, if put into policy prescriptions, would kill our economy for the coming decades. As the economic declines mount, politicians will seek to increase regulation and "punish" businesses even further.

You Can't Fix Stupid.

Oh, and can anyone show me the way to Galt's Gulch?

*** Update ***
Cafe Hayek also posts on this WSJ article and provides this excellent tidbit from another blogger:
Also, as Rossputin's Ross Kaminsky points out to me in an e-mail, the unemployment rate in Ohio in December 1993 -- the month before NAFTA took effect on January 1, 1994 -- was 6.5 percent. Says Ross: "It has never since touched a level that high again. Why the hell doesn't anyone say that in public? It's so obvious a thing to look at."

Great point. (Of course, the reason that Clinton and Obama don't speak this truth is because to do so would not help them politically. Remember, they seek office and power rather than truth and understanding. To expect either of them to utter even one politically inconvenient truth is as reasonable as expecting your pet turtle to recite from memory the Magna Carta.)


Your Co-Conspirator,
ARC: St Wendeler